A Guide To Facial Peels

Your Guide to Facial Peels

Skin Health Hub Skin Health A Guide to Facial PeelsFacial peels are classified by the concentration of the peel agent that is used, the length of time the peel agent is applied to the skin and the depth of exfoliation that is reached through the layers of the skin.

Follow our guide to facial peels to help you determine which classification of peel is right for your skin type.

What is a Chemical peel?

A chemical peel uses various exfoliating agents to produce a controlled wound and fast-track cell turnover and the regeneration process of the epidermis and/or dermis.

Facial peels are effective in treating the tone, texture and color of the skin. A significant reduction or removal of facial blemishes, fine lines and wrinkles, sun damage and skin pigmentation, acne lesions and superficial depressed scars can be achieved with facial peels.

Peel Classifications

Very Superficial

Epidermal peels which targets the Stratum Corneum use a water soluble formula comprising key ingredients such as L-Lactic Acid and/or Malic Acid in varied strengths of 20%, 30% and 40%.

Suitable for: surface pigmentation, mild acne or congestion, skin that looks dull or hydrated.

Treatment regime: For best results multiple treatments 6-12 every 2 weeks are recommended.

Superficial

Epidermal peels which targets the Stratum Germinativum use oil soluble formula comprising key ingredients 20% Salicylic Acid, AHA’s and/or Beta Glucan.

Suitable for: the reduction of epidermal, hormonal hyperpigmentation and age spots.

Treatment regime: For best results multiple treatments 6-12 every 3 to 4 weeks apart.

Medium Depth

Use a retinol-like peel to target through to the Papillary Dermis.

Suitable for: sun damaged skin and pigmentation, oily, congested skin, fine lines and wrinkles and post acne scarring.

Treatment regime: For best results a course of 4-6 treatments every 3 to 4 weeks.

Deep

Targets through to the Reticular Dermis, otherwise known as a trauma peel. TCA peels involve the application of a solution of trichloracetic acid in strengths ranging from 10, 15, or 20%. Sometimes TCA peeling takes a longer time to recover – approximately one week. TCA peels also offer a more cost effective alternative to fractional CO2 laser resurfacing.

Other peel options include plant-based non-acid peels which use a compound of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, mucilages and tannins, phytohormones, enzymes, mineral salts, trace elements, herbs and other elements such as: coral, sea sponge or lichen and algae. When the compound is combined it works synergistically to achieve a deep skin re-surfacing peel.

Suitable for: Thickened leathery skins, mild acne scarring, hyperpigmentation and stretch marks.

Treatment regime: One single peel. Treatment can be repeated after one month.

Facial peel treatments offer many benefits to the skin: increasing circulation to stimulate metabolism and purify the skin, improved microcirculation as a result of increased circulation the skin receives more oxygen and nutrients, loosening of the upper layers of the skin to reveal new skin, increased production of the body’s collagen which in turn improves the quality of the skin – its complexion and structure.

Throughout this guide to facial peels we have attempted to simplify the 4 main peel classifications, the skin condition they are best suited to treat and how many treatments are recommended to achieve a desired result.

For more information on what you can expect during a peel treatment read our article on Facial Peel Treatment Procedure.

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